Diagnosing Fibroids and Polyps
Your doctor will use a combination of tools to determine if you have uterine fibroids or polyps.
First—a pelvic exam. This exam can provide a tremendous amount of information, allowing your doctor to assess the size, shape and condition of your uterus. Your doctor may also conduct lab tests to rule out any other more serious causes of your abnormal bleeding.
Below, are some of the most common tests your doctor may use to find fibroids and polyps:
|Ultrasound||Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves to generate images of the internal structure of the uterus. To perform the test, your doctor or a technician will place an ultrasound probe on your abdomen and move it around. He or she may decide to insert the probe inside your vagina (a transvaginal ultrasound), which can provide even clearer images since the probe will be closer to the uterus.|
|Hysteroscopy||Your doctor will insert a small camera and light into your uterus through your vagina, allowing him or her to see inside to determine if there is anything abnormal in your uterus.|
|Hysterosalpingogram (HSG)||Your doctor will inject an X-ray dye into your uterus and take images using an X-ray machine. This test may be recommended if you're having difficulty getting pregnant.|
|Sonohysterogram||Your doctor injects water into the uterus and uses ultrasound technology to expand the uterine cavity, making it easier to capture images. It can also be useful for women whose ultrasound results were normal, yet continue to have heavy menstrual bleeding.|
|Pelvic Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)||With this type of test, you lie still in an MRI machine, while the system uses magnets and radio waves to create detailed images of your uterus, ovaries and other pelvic organs. An MRI can show the location and size of fibroids, identifying the types of growths.|
|Hysterosonography||Your doctor injects salt water (saline) into your uterus through a small tube (catheter) threaded through your vagina and cervix. The saline expands your uterine cavity, giving your doctor a clearer view of the inside of your uterus.|